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Wandering males transformed Spain's DNA



 Bronze Age image </span><br />
                 <span class= L Benitez de Lugo Enrich – Jose Luis Fuentes Sanch

Image caption

Bronze Age burials: Iberia saw a dramatic genetic shift during this period
                

t

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of 400 years.

It remains unclear whether there was a violent invasion from the whether a male-centric social structure

Researchers reconstructed the population history of Iberia

They are extracted and analysed DNA from 403 Iberians who lives between 6,000 BC and AD 1

,600. (Age Stone) farmers found throughout Europe (including Stone Age). T

Ancient Britons 'replaced' by newcomers

Stone Age crisis

One of the triggers may have a.

From the steppe people moved to the way. In the Central Europe, the Bell Beaker tradition formed.

Image copyright
MAN / Mario Torquemada

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new tradition: Bronze Age Bell Beaker pottery from Camino de las Yeseras near Madrid
                

t It can be used as an option. By about 2,000BC, local chromosome line. T

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The newcomers – of Bell Beaker originated – brought innovations and were probably riding horses. .

Patterns of inheritance

Co-author Iñigo Olalde, from Harvard Medical School, US, said: " Iberian men were killed or forcibly displaced. " He added: "The record.

"There is a system that emphasizes the importance of the situation." T

t patriarchal social structure would revalidate the patterns, t

Fortified settlements

"At least in the east" Dr Carles Lalueza-Fox, from the University of Barcelona, ​​[image 1 of 1] egion, the Iron Age Iberian culture established on high ground.

[Image]

Image copyright
Jeff Greenberg

Image caption

The Dama de Elche was a product of the Iberian culture on Spain's eastern coast
                

Looking at human remains from the earliest age settlers, survived in southern Spain.

Image of [image]
Getty Images

Image caption

The Alhambra palace in Granada, a seat of the last muslim emirate in Iberia
                

The Bronze Age. But the researchers found a dramatic shift in the genetic history of the peninsula. The conquerors expelled many Muslims, although some were allowed to go to Christianity.

Modern Iberians derive about 50% of ancient ancestors.

Faces from Iberia's past

Severed heads

Image copyright
Archivo Museu d'Arquologia de Catalunya

Image caption

Severed Iberian head probably exhibited from a war trophy. He was hammered in
                

People of the Iron Age Iberian civilization The cremation process prevented scientists from extracting DNA from these remains. The Iberians also had their violent side. They hammered. [1965901] African ancestors

Two burials in the study . (1) tKey of the people were from Granada in southwest. T of Mecca. After the Christian conquest of Granada.

Germanic migrants

After the fall of the Roman Empire, wandering streamed into Iberia. The Visigoths, assumed control of the region. Christian kingdoms. Burials from Pla de l'Horta in northeastern Spain. Genomes suggesting they have recent ancestry from Eastern Europe. T

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