President Trump announced on Friday a new wireless spectrum auction which aims to roll out the next generation of wireless wireless networks, which the administration considers critical to economic war to win with China.
But Mr. so far he stayed quiet on whether the US would essentially order out by banning Chinese businesses as Huawei build those networks.
At the White House on Friday, Ajit Pai, chairman of the Commission for Federal Communications, announced the third, and largest, spectrum auction that telecom companies will use for “fifth generation,” or 5G networks. builds, which promises a large increase in speed to download data over cellular networks
The administration of the Trump sees the next generation of technology is critical to the ability of the United States to advance future industries and empower its long-term economic prospects. He considers that China's ability to control these networks is a threat to national security as it could, in theory, give Beijing access to the information that comes across them.
“5G secure networks will be a vital link to American prosperity and nationality Mr Trump said on Friday
But Chinese telecommunications companies, like Huawei, have to dominate as they give most of the best officials in Europe and Europe. provide the technical backbone of 5G networks. There are no American suppliers for the main switching networks, which means the American systems will be built by firms such as Nokia and Ericsson.
The administration is considering an executive order that would prevent American telecommunications companies using Huawei or other Chinese equipment and 5G networks under construction. However, this enforcement order did not take place, meaning that many officials and industrial executives believe that the administration is holding back until the current trade negotiations with China are completed. Any move to Chinese firms from the United States could anger the Chinese leadership.
Mr Trump may allow some Chinese access to the American market – despite national security concerns – to achieve trade deal with Xi Jinping, President of China.
Even without the ban, the Trump's administration has a hard line with allies, telling them that a way back that can not be given to Beijing is to allow Huawei to build and maintain 5G systems.
The fear is that the Chinese government will be able to flow and copy data over wireless networks, interfering with that information and, in theory, jeopardizing trade secrets and military intelligence. While much of that data is encrypted, the Pentagon and information agencies consider that Chinese firms have control over the flow of data.
But in the case of Mr. Trump, 5G is an election issue and a security issue. Speaking in the White House, surrounded by wireless company workers wearing cowboy hats and hats, Mr Trump said the US could not allow himself to be "disqualified" in 5G networks.
“The race is an American race to 5G must win,” Mr Trump said. “And it's a race that our big companies are now very involved. We gave them the incentive they needed. It is a race we meet. ”
The administration of Trump considered a plan to create national 5G networks using federal money. Mr Trump said on Friday that this approach had been rejected and that the American 5G networks would be combined by a private industry.
Mr. Trump made no mention of China or any Chinese companies such as Huawei, although he said that 5G networks must be “protected from the enemy – and we have enemies there.”
t Trump repeatedly stated that it would increase broadband access to rural America. “No matter where you are, you will have very quick access to 5G, and a different life,” said Mr Trump.
But the administrative's approach critics said that there was too much of the technology in the US high-band spectrum, which will make it more difficult to deliver 5G service in rural America.
Jessica Rosenworcel, a Democratic appointment for FCC, condemned Trump's 5G administrative policy, saying it had done “more harm than good. “
“ From imposing tariffs on 5G equipment to eliminating allies on 5G security until they fall behind the rest of the world on a critical medium band spectrum, it is still to offer a workable plan for US leadership. ”She said
Other parts of the high-band electromagnetic spectrum have been auctioned by the US with firms that must communicate with a new generation of mobile phones and internet devices.
Some experts consider that United States should focus more on the development of middle band, rather than on high-band spectrum. The higher band allows more detail, but has a much smaller range, which means that tower providers must build 5G more. It also means that it is more difficult to build a high band spectrum based 5G system in rural areas.
“It is essential that we interfere with middle band now because the rest of the world would leave us behind,” said Ms. Rosenworcel in an interview. “This is the most likely spectrum to deliver a 5G service to rural parts of this country, and we need to think about investing in this now and later.”