Last year's record was the hottest fourth, and the world's hotest ever in the world's waters.
As the planet continues to heat up, experts are working to predict the specific local climate effects effects of cities in the United States.
A new technique uses a technique called climate output mapping – which compares the expected climate in the city in the future to the current climate – where the impact of climate change reflects 540 urban areas in the United States and Canada over the next 60 years.
The results suggest that Los Angeles will become more like Baja, California, by 2080, that the Tampa Bay climate will be like Mexico City today, and it seems like the Ozarks in New York City.
The authors compiled their data into an interactive map tool that allows users to look at their North cities in North America and explore what it looks like.
In general, according to the study, there will be about 250 million people in North America – more than 75% of Americans and 50% of Canadians – experience changes in their local climate within 60 years.
Read more: We asked 11 climate scientists in which they would live in the United States to avoid future natural disasters – they said
"We can Using this technique to translate future forecasts, we can make better convergence and link to our experience, "said scientists Matthew Fitzpatrick, co-author of the University of Maryland study, in a press release. "My hope is that people have that" moment ", and it offers the scale of the changes we expect in the first generation."
Cities and climate change
Hot temperatures mean more waves of heat, drums, strong storms, and coastal floods, depending on the city's location.
According to Fitzpatrick and co-author Robert Dunn, ecological professor at the State University of North Carolina, urban populations are particularly vulnerable to the consequences of climate change due to the large populations and growth of the cities and that they are interconnecting and (in some cases) aging infrastructure.
That is why they have made the equivalent interactive climate map-which offers "so many new models in the future, but a way of expressing existing models" in a more abstract or distant way "and more local and personal experience," the authors wrote.
Numbers used are not new. The study relied on three data sets – one with climate conditions on average between 1960 and 1990, another with future climate projections, and a third based on NOAA weather records that reflect climate diversity over time.
Obviously, the intensity of the changes that certain city experiences will depend on how hothouse gas emissions will rise sharply. Thus, the interactive map of the study offers two corridors: one in which emissions keep increasing throughout the 21st century, and one hit around 2040 then falling.
According to the higher emission story, Portland in 2080 feels that California is warmer and warmer than Mid Valley. There will be a subtropical climate in northern Mississippi at Washington DC, winter is likely to be shorter and longer summers. San Francisco has to tackle the great heat, lack of rain and associated water shortage of Los Angeles.
"Our purpose of doing this study and making the application is to help people better in the dramatic transformation of the global climate we expect over the coming years and that we can reduce to make the expected climate change, Fitzpatrick said in Business.