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Home / Science / The archaeologist says the 3,000-year-old clay heads have the face of God

The archaeologist says the 3,000-year-old clay heads have the face of God



A handful of 3,000-year-old “male” clay heads discovered in Israel may reveal the first representation of God’s face.

The figurines were excavated along small horse statues and depict a man with a flat-headed beard, protruding features, ear holes for jewelry, and crown with crown.

The controversial statement comes from Professor Yosef Garfinkel, who refers to the biblical scriptures of God riding a horse to add weight to this theory.

However, several archaeologists have rejected Garfinkel’s idea that the creation of “anything in the sky above” was forbidden during this period.

A handful of 3,000-year-old

A handful of 3,000-year-old “male” clay heads discovered in Israel may reveal the first depiction of God’s face

Garfinkle, who is a professor at the Hebrew University, bases this claim on the fact that the three figurines dating from the 9th and 10th centuries were found near statues of horses and in areas of worship.

A head was discovered a decade ago in Khirbet Qeiyafa, about 20 kilometers from Tel Motza, where Shua Kisilevitz and Oded Lipschits discovered two others earlier this year.

Following the news from Tel Motza, Garfinkle began to wonder if the mud heads were related.

And he looked at the book of Habakkuk and the Psalms to find the answers.

The figurines were excavated along small horse statues and depict a man with a flat head beard, protruding heads, ear holes for jewelry and crown with crown.

The figurines were excavated along small horse statues and depict a man with a flat head beard, protruding heads, ear holes for jewelry and crown with crown.

Garfinkle, who is a professor at the Hebrew University, bases this claim on the fact that the three figurines dating from the 9th and 10th centuries were found near statues of horses and in areas of worship.

Garfinkle, who is a professor at the Hebrew University, bases this claim on the fact that the three figurines dating from the 9th and 10th centuries were found near statues of horses and in areas of worship.

Habakkuk 3: 8 says, “Have you been angry with the rivers, O Lord? Was it your anger against the currents?

The second example he found was shown in Psalm 68: 4, which says “Sing to God, sing praises to his name; lift up a song to him who rides on the clouds.

Then, some biblical traditions describe Yahweh as a rider in the sky or in the clouds, exactly as Ugarit. But some texts present a new development in which he is riding, ”Garfinkle shared in an article in the BAS Library.

The other mud heads found in Tel Motza were extracted from a temple near Jerusalem and, due to biblical instructions forbidding these images, the team proposes that the area be used to worship a variety of different gods. , “Not only Yahweh.”

A head was discovered a decade ago in Khirbet Qeiyafa, about 20 kilometers from Tel Motza, where Shua Kisilevitz and Oded Lipschits discovered two others earlier this year.

A head was discovered a decade ago in Khirbet Qeiyafa, about 20 kilometers from Tel Motza, where Shua Kisilevitz and Oded Lipschits discovered two others earlier this year.

A head was discovered a decade ago in Khirbet Qeiyafa, about 20 kilometers from Tel Motza, where Shua Kisilevitz (right) and Oded Lipschits discovered two others earlier this year.

A head was discovered a decade ago in Khirbet Qeiyafa, about 20 kilometers from Tel Motza, where Shua Kisilevitz (right) and Oded Lipschits discovered two others earlier this year.

Kisilevitz and Oded Lipschits wrote: “Unfortunately, this article is pure sensationalism that meets popular demand, which generates money, by presenting an unfounded identification and (at best) so factual, as it ignores research and existing professional studies, including avoiding reference. to any of the excavator’s publications. ”

Garfinkel argues that the Bible is very clear about the prohibition against physical representations of God.

The nearby settlements, in fact, prayed to many gods, but “the Kingdom of Judah was a different story and based on two concepts: that there is only one god and not many, and that no statute should be made, a recorded image of “, shared.

About 3,000 years ago there were those who worshiped Yahweh and then there was God of the Canaanite storm.

“The Canaanites,” Garfinkel writes, did not represent a male god on a horse.

“Only in the texts and iconography of the Iron Age did the horse become a divine pet.”

“Thus, the iconographic elements of the figures correspond to descriptions of Yahweh according to biblical tradition.”

He also argues that the ban on creating images of Yahweh was not adopted until the 10th century, when clay heads were used.

Garfinkle has received widespread criticism for his claims, but has said, “Like any discovery, some will accept and others will reject.”

The controversial statement comes from Professor Yosef Garfinkel, who refers to the biblical scriptures of God riding a horse to add weight to this theory.

However, Shua Kisilevitz rejects the statement that people were forbidden to create images of God during this time.

The controversial statement comes from Professor Yosef Garfinkel (left), who refers to the biblical scriptures of God riding a horse to add weight to this theory. However, Shua Kisilevitz (right) rejects the statement that people were forbidden to create images of God during this time.

Kisilevitz and Lipschits reject their claims, although they agree that the figures were used for worship – the team describes them as “human figures”.

“While we cannot rule out the possibility that the human heads of Motza and Qeiyafa represented gods, they have no markings, symbols or attributes (such as horns, crescents, bulls) found in figures and visual representations throughout the ancient Middle East, which he would identify them as divine figures ”.

“Also, when the gods were represented in animals, they did not sit on them (they do not need transportation). They wrote.


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