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A Russian cosmographer and his NASA co-pilot, five months after making the dramatic launch atmosphere last October, made an orbit on Thursday and in addition NASA astronaut made the first flight, docked with the International Space Station six hours later to reinforce the crew of the team back to it.
Under a cloudy sky, a boom came under the Soyuz booster and it turned out from Baikonur's Cosmos in Kazakhstan at 3:14:08 pm EDT (12:14 am at local time Friday), about the moment the rotation of the Universe of the launch pad – the same one used Yuri Gagarin at the beginning of the Space Age – into the station's orbit plane.
Using Rezezvous Rendezvous procedure, Soyuz MS-12 / 58S commander Alexey Ovchinin, Tyler left seat engineer “Nick” Hague and astronaut Christina Koch caught the laboratory complex after chase four orbit, moving into for Automated engines at the Rassvet Module are facing the Earth at 9:01 pm
After waiting for a residual motion to relieve hooks, hooks and catches to pull the ferry ship into a "hard mate" with the port of Vessel. Essays were expected to open about two hours later, following tests to verify an airtight seal and to balance pressure between the two spacecraft.
Waiting for the arrival of the new crew was station commander Oleg Kononenko, Canadian astronaut David Saint-Jacques and NASA flight engineer Anne McClain. They were sent to the December 3 outpost and the station had their own since December 19 when their earlier Soyuz crew returned to Earth.
The station usually has a staff of six, but the team's rotation schedule was spent last October 11 when a disastrous malfunction of a Soyuz rocket carrying Ovchinin and the Hague took place two minutes after the launch. one of four separate boosters failed to separate from the core core stage of the rocket.
Soyuz's abortion system was automatically engaged, accelerating the capsule of the team away from the failing rocket. Ochchinin and The Hague reached just over 50 miles before it landed safely about 250 miles from the dispatched site.
The problem with the generally reliable Soyuz booster was corrected, clearing the way for Kononenko, Saint-Jacques and McClain But downstream flights were required to be rescheduled.
The Soyuz MS-12 / 58S spacecraft that was launched Thursday first in April was expected to take the lead from Oleg Skripochka, guest-cosmetics and Koch, a guest in training as a flight board engineer, or co-pilot. But after the survival, the flight was transferred and Ovchinin and Hague were assigned to take part in Koch with The Hague taking on a pilot role.
In a pre-launched interview, Koch, an electrical engineer, a rock climber and an old Antarctic researcher said she had no qualification in spacing into the Soyuz spaceship and taking up space in space.
“It's an incredible machine,” she said. “It is a great honor that reliability is so high, and it was a great privilege to train spacecraft that has such a wonderful record. It was a great honor. He is a good spaceship. Hague and McClain will make their first swap swap on 22 March and McClain and Koch will expect them to continue seven days later. Hague and Saint-Jacques will conduct the third EVA on 8 April.
Cosmonaut Svetlana Savitskaya was the first woman to walk in space in 1984. Subsequently, eleven American women followed in her legs, starting with astronaut Kathryn Sullivan during a shuttle flight in the last month. McClain and Koch were in the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries to swim outside spacecraft and the first all-weather space park team
NASA planned to install the new solar batteries during two space walks. In the last few months, the Japanese HTV-7 cargo ship which was brought to the west was launched until the orbit was delayed and the EVAs were deferred until the arrival of the Hague last October. After the launch, the installation of the battery was delayed again
In addition to the walking spaces, the station staff will carry out a complete scientific and routine research slate and unload six unladen cargo ships – two shippers on Russian progress, two. SpaceX Dragon supply ship, Northrup Grumman Cygnus cargo capsules and Japanese HTV.
It is estimated that Kononenko, Saint-Jacques and McClain will return to Earth on June 25 to take up a 203 day mission. The station itself will have Ovchinin, Hague and Koch between 6 and 6 July when three new members of the crew: Soyuz MS-13 / 59S commander, Alexander Skvortsov, NASA astronaut, Drew Morgan and Luca Parmitano from Italian, Astronaut Agency European Space.
This flight was the last Russian mission contracted to carry US astronauts as NASA which translates to commercial crew ships being built by SpaceX and Boeing. SpaceX launched its Dragon Crew spacecraft on a non-priced test flight in March 2 and could be ready to launch the first astronauts in mid-summer.
Hague and Koch have trained Starliner Creator Crew and Boeing, the Hague says milestone “really really” for NASA, allowing the US space agency to eliminate its individual reliability. the Russian Soyuz for transport to the space station and her own
But NASA is fencing its bets. The agency is in the process of purchasing two additional Soyuz seats, one for this fall and another next spring, to ensure that US astronauts can arrive at the station if the commercial crew program is severely delayed
Ovchinin, Hague and Koch are scheduled to return to Earth on October 3 to pack 204 days of packing.