The Southern European Observatory (ESO) telescope has captured an image of a spectacular butterfly-shaped gas bubble in the Milky Way.
The striking planetary nebula, known as NGC 2899, appears to float and float in the sky in this pristine image of the very large ESO (VLT) telescope in Chile.
A planetary nebula is created when a star runs out of fuel to burn and blow its outer layers of gas into space.
NGC 2899 has never been captured in such detail, highlighting the vat’s outer edges of an expansive gas shell glowing over the background stars.
The blue parts of the “butterfly”, located about 6,500 light-years away, consist of oxygen gases, while the reddish hue around the edge is hydrogen.
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This highly detailed image of the planetary nebula NGC 2899 was captured using the FORS instrument from the very large ESO telescope in northern Chile. Never before had this object been imagined with such startling details
“This object had never been imagined with such startling details, even with the faint outer edges of the planetary nebula glowing over the background stars,” ESO said in a statement.
Despite their name, planetary nebulae – gas and dust particles that have been ejected from a dying star – have nothing to do with the planets.
They form when ancient stars with up to six times the mass of our Sun reach the end of their lives, collapse and make expanding gas shells disappear, rich in heavy elements.
Intense UV radiation energizes and illuminates these moving shells, making them glow brightly for thousands of years.
Planetary nebulae ultimately disperse slowly through space, that is, they are relatively short-lived and rare; there are about 1,500 known in the galaxy, the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics estimates.
NGC 2899, discovered by English astronomer John Herschel in 1835, is located about 3,000 to 6,500 light-years away in the southern constellation of Vela.
NGC 2899’s wide gas channels extend up to a maximum of two light-years from its center and reach up to 18,000 degrees Fahrenheit or 10,000 degrees Celsius.
An image of the Omega Nebula, captured by the Very Large Telescope (VLT) with a pink powder
Such high temperatures are due to the large amount of radiation from the nebula’s parent star, which causes the nebula’s hydrogen gas to glow a reddish blue around the oxygen gas, which is blue.
NGC 2899 has two central stars, which are believed to give it an almost symmetrical appearance.
After one star reaches the end of its life and is outside its outer layers, the other interferes with the flow of gases, forming the shape of two butterfly-like lobes.
ESO said only 10 to 20 percent of planetary nebulae show this type of bipolar shape.
Astronomers were able to capture this image using the FORS instrument (FOcal Reducer and Low dispersion Spectrograph) installed at UT1, one of the four 27-foot telescopes that make up the VLT in Chile.
This high-resolution instrument was one of the first to be installed in VLT – which began operating in 1998 – and is behind other impressive images.
In 2013, FORS returned an image of a unique green nebula reminiscent of the ghost of Slimer from the 1984 Ghostbusters movie.
The bright green planetary nebula IC 1295 that surrounds a faint, dying starry sky. It is located about 3300 light-years away in the constellation Scutum (The Shield).
The planetary nebula IC 1295 was revealed around a faint, dying star about 3,300 light-years away in the constellation Scutum.
He also previously captured a shot from the archive Omega Nebula about 6,500 light-years away in the constellation Sagittarius, with a dusty pink center.
FORS has been used to study in depth the physics behind the formation of complex planetary nebulae.
He has also contributed to observations of light from a gravitational wave source and has investigated the first known interstellar asteroid.
The asteroid, called “Oumuamua by its discoverers, is up to a quarter of a mile (400 meters) long and very elongated – probably ten times wider.
THE VERY LARGE TELESCOPE IS A POWERFUL TERRENAL-BASED INSTRUMENT IN CHILE
The Southern European Observatory (ESO) built the most powerful telescope ever made in the Atacama Desert in northern Chile.
It’s called a very large telescope (VLT) and it is widely regarded as one of the most advanced optical instruments ever manufactured.
It consists of four telescopes, of which The main mirrors measure 8.2 meters in diameter.
There are also four auxiliary telescopes of 1.8 meters in diameter mobile six feet.
The large telescopes are called Antu, Kueyen, Melipal and Yepun.
The Southern European Observatory (ESO) built the most powerful telescope ever made in the Atacama Desert in northern Chile and named it the Very Large Telescope (VLT).
The first of the unitary telescopes, “Antu”, entered routine scientific operations on April 1, 1999.
Telescopes can work together to form a giant ‘interferometer’.
This interferometer allows you to filter images for unnecessary obscuring objects, and therefore astronomers can see details up to 25 times more fine than with individual telescopes.
He has been involved in discovering the first image of an extrasolar planet and in tracking individual stars moving in the supermassive black hole in the center of the Milky Way.
He also observed the aftermath of the best-known Ray Burst Gamma,