Ghanbari was kept during the protests. After taking place in the quarantine ward called Evin Tehran prison for five days, he died on his eleventh birthday.
His mother's mother, Fatemeh Malayan Nejad's prison authorities said his son had taken his life. "My son asked me from the prison. He told me they were hitting him," says Nejad CNN. "It's a great lie that suicides himself, and I will not rest until the truth comes out." Ghanbari's mother says she believes he was killed.
Ghanbari is one of nine protesters who died under "suspicious circumstances" after being held by the Iranian authorities in 2018, according to Amnesty International's report released on January 24. The group also claims that 26 protocols were killed at least on the streets, with more than 7,000 disasters arrested on the system during the year. Of that figure, 1
The Iranian government did not answer CNN's request to comment.
But the movements of the Iranian protest show many signs to tackle them. As security forces uphold their dissatisfaction, dissidents continue to exhibit exhibitions. Instead of disbanding the imbalance, experts say that Iran's assault can play anxiety.
"Winners feel that they have nothing to lose," says researcher Mansoureh Mills, Iran's Amnesty International. "Over the past year, we have seen thousands of workers around the country because they have not been paid for months and are struggling to feed their families."
"You just need to see videos of these objections on social media and listen to workers calling them, & # 39; We do not organize a prison because we have nothing to lose and get to understand Find out how they have become a surprise, "Mills said.
The wave of protests in 2018
But when the Green Movement attracted a large number, the geographical scope of the protests 2017 and 2018 was surprised. Most of the exhibitions are similar to the outside of the capital. They gathered in large cities of southeast – as conservative Mashhad conservatory – and in the provinces. They mostly met from the country's work class. The long demographic evaluation of the two demographics was an integral part of the system's popular basis.
"Geographical spread was significant," says Al-Monitor Mohammad Ali Shabani, an Iranian Pulse editor. "In addition, the lack of elite assistance was expressed: on general statements of sympathy with claims such as more jobs and lower prices for consumers, without a large political camp with the protesters."
Despite the regime's violent response to the initial exhibitions 2017 and 2018, individuals and co-ordinating co-ordinating groups continued to publicly publicize political and social changes in 2018.
Due to the drafting of an economic crisis In Iran, ammunition was released during August and August by ammunition, friction gas and water cans, according to Amnesty.
"The worst confusion we have received over the last decade," said CNN, Raha Bahreini, researcher Amnesty International Iran.
Brave women couples
Social movement may be the highest profile to achieve momentum during 2018 than protests against mandatory hijab of Iran's law.
On December 27, 2017, Vida Movahedi, a 31-year-old Iranian Mother, climbed on a utility box on one of the largest congested streets of Tehran and a quiet white wing. She shows her long hair flowing in the wind.
Movahedi was arrested a few hours later, but a photo went to her viral solitary act. The image helped to clear the actual "White Mask" social media campaign "Masih Alinejad". The movement encourages people to protest against compulsory law in circles by blank spending on or disclosed Wednesday.
Through his campaign, Alinejad gets pictures and videos of these exhibitions. Then she spreads on her social media accounts, which is followed by more than 2.3 million. Within a week of the Movahedi act, women around the country were filming themselves on busy streets in a solidarity show.
By the end of 2018, at least 112 or female activists were arrested, according to Amnesty. Despite the catches, the movement of White Consumptions continues today and there are no signs in it.
Shaparak Shajarizadeh, 43, active ball of the movement three times in 2018 before coming to Turkey in the end, and then looking for asylum in Canada. It was held on the first day on February 21st to share a video of itself online showing the Movahedi exhibition.
"I got hit in the morality and security office, then they put me to a social border in prison. I was on a hunger strike for a week, and I dropped," says Shajarizadeh CNN. "After I got threatened calls – they told me to stop sending my pictures online and talk about the mandatory hijab laws."
Nasrin Sotoudeh, a significant human rights lawyer and defendant of rights in Iran's women, took up Shajarizadeh's case. While he was waiting for a sentence, Shajarizadeh was retained illegally by authorities again in March and May. She says he was tortured, threatened and spent in the Evin prison.
"I was responsible for posting corruption and prostitution for pictures without my hijab online," says Shajarizadeh. "They told me to fall Nasrin Sotoudeh as a lawyer – threatening me to cut national security charges against the country if I kept her."
Shajarizadeh was sentenced to 20 years imprisonment, 18 of whom were suspended. Sotoudeh himself was arrested on June 13, 2018, to defend some advocate protesters. She is carrying out national security related charges that may have been more than ten years imprisonment.
According to the Center for Human Rights in Iran, she is refused to visit his family. On January 23, a man of Sotoudeh, Reza Khandan, also a significant human rights lawyer, was arrested, and six were imprisoned for security-related charges. Both are now appealing to their fees.
United States Intent
During 2018, senior administrative officials of the United States – including President Donald Trump and State Secretary Mike Pompeo – repeatedly challenged Iran's protesters to define the system.
Pompeo had a personal appearance in anti-hijab displays, and at least two occasions in 2018, they made tweeted images of the Vida Movahedi protest. In June, he even sent a graphic of Movahedi near a photo of Alien Khamenei's Supreme Commander, and the motto "deserved by the people of Iran for their human rights" written on the image. The Department of State also added a number of messages in support of Iran's women's rights – all written in Farsi.
" If they choose not to do so, we will wait hard until we achieve the results set I'm out, "continued Pompeo.
What would happen in 2019
Although Iranians are more taking care of their social and economic complaints in public, a lack of organized politics left opposition in Iran confident analysts that there are no serious threat to the system at the protest movements.
"We can do more Expectations are expected in the coming months as the economic situation declines, but it is difficult to predict their lack of organization, to form clear and unitary demands, and buy them exclusively, "says Shabani Al-Monitor.
The United States Ambassador John Limbert, who was held during the 1979 warrior crisis and was Vice-R Assistant State's infant Iran in 2009, confident that the regime comes into force. "In the Islamic Republic, the authorities are constantly threatened," says Limbert. "They will do what they need to stay in power. If that requires that, so it's a brutality. If it means flexibility, they will try to do so."
"The same men's club did things since 1979. Although it is clear that they are largely due to the realities of their own society, where people are creative, engaging people, and that they are in education , "says CNN Limbert.
On January 29, the Global Threat was released in 2019 by the National Director of Information Dan Coats of the USA. "We consider that Tehran is ready to take more aggressive security measures in response to the renewal behaviors," says the document.
However, since the system looks for excavation in its heels in 2019, so it also makes some of the protests.
A 38-year-old man from Mashhad who has participated in protests and demonstrations 2017 and 2018 as a support for the White Wednesday movement told CNN, even though the prison succeeded in being hit threatened and spent in prison, he does not intend to remain in 2019. "I keep protests until the mandatory hijab law is abolished, and until the people of Iran will be freed from the despotic religious system," says the protester, who refused to disclose his name for security reasons.
Amnesty International Preview for the coming year echoes his views. "Iran in an unprecedented crisis crisis is rooted in the context of severe political, economic, environmental and human rights problems," says Bahreini researcher.
"We can, therefore, expect to expect protests against poverty, inflation, corruption and political authorization in the country to grow."