In the coming years, multi-faceted space agencies are planning to send astronauts to the lunar surface. More than that, between the European Space Agency (ESA), Chinese National Space Administration (CNSA) and Roscomos, there are several plans to take permanent deposits on the World. This is perhaps the most recognizable plan of the ESA to build an International Leading Village,
As a spiritual successor for the International Space Station (ISS), this village would be the basis of teams of astronauts to carry out vital research and experiments. In recent years, some of the most interesting proposals have been presented as part of this plan, which emerge from Australia's European Center (EAC), where a team of students has developed a proposal for a valuable habitat sustainable.
Angelus Chrysovalantis Alfatzis's team leader, architectural engineering student is the last year of study at Athens National Athens National Technical School. His and his colleagues are just some of the young researchers who participate in EA Spaceship – an ESA initiative designed to promote networking and collaboration with universities and research institutions across Europe.
Alfatzis and his colleagues developed their concept of moon base for the International Moon Pitch Competition NewSpace2060 2018, a joint initiative with the Moon Village Society that took place in Fall 2018. His entry was part of the Village Village Contract Category and Architectural Issues, where the participants were encouraged to think about working with the current technology and knowledge of the Moon.
Alfatzis describes his architectural approach as "hyperlocal", which exploits the concept of using in situ resources (ISRU) to create sustainable living solutions for large environments in remote locations. As he explained his vision in the recent ESA press release:
"I'm always trying to find relevant solutions and structures according to the resources available on-site. At the moment, the focus is I have regard to the use of unprocessed luminous soil for construction and architectural applications. "
This focus is consistent with ESA goals to create the International Lane Village, which calls for the use of resources local to manufacture the base not only but also to see the needs of their team. Working with others with the Spatial EAC initiative, Alfatzis and his staff have a concept called CORE (Crater Outpost for Research and Exploration).
The CORE concept asks for modular design to utilize the geography and regulation of the Moon itself to protect the elements. The Pole-Aitken River Basin team has been selected as its base base, offering the benefits of fixed lighting, easy communication with the Earth, and close to water ice deposits.
Each module would have an inflatable, prefabricated structure with its own life support system and a central tube. In this way, modules could be fixed vertically, with each other while allowing transport between them. As Alfatzis explained:
"Our idea is to transport inflatable modules to a small crater base on the South Polar Region of the Moon, and then gradually fill the cavity with luminous soil until The modules have been detected effectively. Spiders will protect wings within radiation. Buildings inside insulation skin will help the stable temperature of the underground environment and provides a cover from the threat of micrometeoroids. "  The plan also calls for the installation of an airlock module at the top of the structure, which is then covered with more regulation to provide protection. Inside this route, additional Vehicle Action (EVA) equipment would be stored and lunar dust would be mitigated with the help of electromagnetic cleaner, which would benefit from the accumulation of magnetic magnetic properties.
Vertically-hardened modules would be all connected to a central elevator. The first treatment module would be the treatment waste facilities near the surface and would be prepared by the astronauts for EVAs and service missions to the surface. The module would be central to research and communication, and sleeping pods, place of residence and practice facility (for example, "lunar gym") in the lower module.
As Alfatzis noted in the video that was part of its admission team, the other benefit of CORE's design is to extend it to the nearby crab. "The selected location allows for deployment of more installation and installation of modules, which creates a real village of habitats in a residential home," he said. "Realizing the Moon of the sustainable exploration" is an important step.
Ultimately, CORE's main purpose is to create a habitat that supports human life by protecting it from its external conditions that could otherwise threaten it. Accordingly, it is not like habitats built here on Earth, except for special circumstances in the design of habitats for the Moon.
These include the lack of an acceptable atmosphere, the temperature boundaries, the terrain type, and the low gravity of the Moon – which is about 16.5% on Earth. The lack of a magnetic magnetic field also means that any lunar basis must be able to shield its inhabitants from solar and cosmetic radiation, not to mention tiny little toothpaste that regularly rains on the surface.
Due to its concept, Alfatzis was awarded a prize for the second work of the EAC Spaces team. As Alfatzis showed, they had the success of the diversification talents brought by their staff to the table:
"The multidisciplinary nature of our team – from aerospace engineers to biologists – gave us the different data on construction and energy needs examined. The whole experience drove us to think deeper about the different aspects of lunch and place-building, which shows us many possibilities for the future of the Moon. "
Currently, ESA, CNSA, Roscosmos and NASA. They all hope to build sunshine accommodation by the end of the 2020s or early 20s. On all of the probability, this cooperation will lead to the cooperation between these agencies and other agencies, and each of them is connected to a permanent research base that helps to facilitate future missions to Mars and other places in the Solar System .
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