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Halo Drive: Black Lasers and Holes Could be Launched to Speed ​​Speed



Black holes spaces could be used as powerful launch pads to explore the stars.

A new study in which laser beams are lit which would curve around a black hole and return with extra energy to help drive spacecraft to the nearest light speed. Astronomers may look for signs that exotic civilizations are using “inadequate drive,” as the study returns, by checking whether the black holes are blending more frequently than expected.

David Kipping's studies, astrophysical at Columbia University in New York, came up with the idea that he was driving "the gamer sentiment."

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9659002] "Sometimes, in a computer game, you discover 'benefit', hack that lets you do something too to do that would prevent the rules of the game, "Kipping said with Space.com. "In this case, the game is the physical world, and I tried to reflect on explorations that would allow the relative flight civilization to reach back and forth across the galaxy without the huge cost of energy that could t someone accepted it frankly. "

A The main challenge of using rockets to fly through the space or mass of the propellant they carry is . Long journeys require a lot of drives, making the rockets heavy, requiring more drives, making the rockets heavier, and so on. The problem gets that worse than ever getting the rocket.

Instead of transporting propulsion for driving, however, spacecraft equipped with sails like mirrors could rely on laser to push temperatures out. The $ 100 million Breakthrough Starshot initiative announced in 2016, that powerful laser be used to drive swarms of spacecraft to Alpha Centauri, the nearest star system ourselves, at up to 20 under first of the speed of light. 19659002] There's a spaceship that aims to launch Starshot Breakthrough than just a micro-micrish size. To accelerate more spacecraft to relative speeds – to a significant fraction of light speed – looking for Kipping help gravity

A slingshot spacecraft is regularly used by spacecraft, which has a body majority, such as a planet or the moon, he hurls the vessels over the space and adds to his speed. In 1963, fashionable physicist Freeman Dyson recommended that spacecraft of any size could depend on portable slingshot around dense white heated pairs or neutron stars to fly relative speeds. (Dyson succeeded in bringing the concept known as a Dyson Dyson a star-like evaluation to capture as much energy as possible to give power to a high civilization.)

There is a danger that “Dyson slingshot” would damage spacecraft through very large gravitational forces and hazardous radiation from those pairs of dead stars. Instead, Kipping suggests that gravity could help increase spacecraft by increasing the energy of laser beams at the edges of black holes.

Gravitational fields at black holes are so powerful that nothing can not escape them when it is close enough, not even light. Their gravitational fields can also distort photon pavements that do not fall into the holes.

In 1993, physicist Mark Stuckey suggested that a black hole, in principle, could act as a "gravitational mirror," so that a black hole photon hole could be bent around so that it flew back at its source. . Kipping included if a black hole was moving towards a photon source, a "boomerang photon" would become part of the white hole energy.

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Using the thing he called a "Halo drive" – ​​named for the a light ring that would create it around a black hole – Kipping discovered that even the masses of Jupiter could achieve relative speeds. "Civilization could make use of black holes as galactic points," he wrote in . the Journal of British Interplanetary Society accepted and detailed on February 28 in the prex server prexiv

moves the black hole, the more energy your haulage drive could use. therefore, Kipping concentrated on using a pair of black holes towards each other before blending.

Astronomers could look for signs that foreign civilizations are using pairs of black holes for For example, Halo drives could effectively energy energy from such binary hole systems which would increase the rates at which the black holes would fit above what you would have t naturally expected, Kipping said.

His findings were based on reinforcement from black hole pairs which were associated at relative speeds. While the Milky Way is thought to have about 10 million black hole pairs, Kipping noted that many of those likely to have been on relative speeds for a long time, since they could quickly reach.

However, he noted that isolated black holes could be driving fast at relative speeds, "and we already know about numerous examples of polished equivalent black holes."

The major drawback of a campaign is that a person must travel to the nearest black hole, "Kipping said." It's like a one-time toll charge to pay for the highway system to ride. You have to pay some energy to reach the nearest access point, but later you can make a free ride as you like. ”

The hala campaign only works close to a black hole, for a distance between five and 50 times the diameter of the black hole. "That is why you have to travel to the nearest black hole first and [why you] this can only be done for years of light," he said. Kipping. "At first we have a way to travel to nearby stars to ride the highway system.

"If we want to achieve relative flight, it takes huge levels of energy irrespective of the driving system you use," he said. "One way to do this is to achieve astronomical objects. as a power source, as they naturally have astronomical energy levels in this case the black hole binary is essentially a giant battery waiting for us, the idea is to work with the nature and not against it. ”

Kipping is now exploring ways to exploit other astronomical systems for relative flight. These deep energy reserves are needed by these systems, "Kipping said.

Charles Q. Choi continued on Twitter @cqchoi Follow us on Twitter @Spacedotcom and Facebook .


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